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Methods & Approaches

To make full use of the M4SDI approach, we will need to draw on a range of M&E methods and approaches.

M4SDI is not about creating a new set of methods and approaches; rather, M4SDI makes use of existing tried and tested methods and approaches. The choice of methods and approaches used will need to address a particular purpose and connect to context specifics, including stakeholder backgrounds, interests and preferences.

Below we suggest a number of methods, approaches and options, which we have found to be useful in a range of situations. It is by no means a comprehensive list. 

To find out more about the M4SDI approach, you can click on the guide cover in the right-hand side column.

Below you see a list of topics. Each topic leads to a list of selected methods and approaches.

Dealing with change in complex systems
Addresses systems thinking and complexity.

Key orientations
This set of tools and methods is useful for the topics of people orientation: teamwork, dealing with diversity and power; learning orientation and context orientation.

Capacities and conditions
Methods and approaches addressing change management, facilitation, leadership competency, organizational capacity assessment/development, strategic foresight competency and strategic thinking.

Communication
Tools and methods focusing on communication.

Strategic guidance
The methods in this segment address situation analysis, stakeholder analysis and strategic planning.

Effective operations
Handles topics such as financial planning and management, human resource management, operational planning and procurement and contract management.

Monitoring & evaluation
Tools and approaches in this segment are useful for dealing with M&E approaches and options, data collection, data analysis, critical reflection and sense-making and communicating and reporting M&E findings.

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