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UNICEF Impact Evaluation Series: Building Blocks of Impact Evaluation

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Impact evaluation provides information about the impacts produced by an intervention. It can be undertaken of a programme or a policy, or upstream work – such as capacity building, policy advocacy and support for an enabling environment. This goes beyond looking only at goals and objectives to also examine unintended impacts.

This video summarizes the different elements of impact evaluation and options for planning and managing its various stages.

UNICEF Impact Evaluation Series: Strategies for Causal Attribution

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One of the essential elements of an impact evaluation is that it not only measures or describes changes that have occurred but also seeks to understand the role of particular interventions in producing these changes. This process is known as causal attribution. 

What methods may be used in impact evaluations of humanitarian assistance?

Authors: Puri, J. et alii.
Publication date: 2014

This paper explores the methodological options and challenges associated with collecting and generating high-quality evidence needed to answer important questions on the impact of humanitarian assistance.

Realist impact evaluation: an introduction

Author: Westhorp, G.
Publication date: 2014

This introduction aims to explain realist impact evaluation for those unfamiliar with its principles. It describes five key ideas which frame realism and their implications for impact evaluation. It explains when a realist impact evaluation may be most appropriate and outlines how to design and conduct an impact evaluation based on a realist approach.

Monitoring and evaluation of policy influence and advocacy

Author: Tsui, J., Hearn, S. &  and Young, J. 
Publication date: 2014

This ODI working paper explores current trends in monitoring and evaluating policy influence and advocacy; discusses different theories of how policy influence happens; and presents a number of options to monitor and evaluate different aspects of advocacy interventions. Case studies describe how some organisations have used these options in practice to understand their impact and improve their advocacy strategies.

Monitoring & evaluation for climate change adaptation and resilience: A synthesis of tools, frameworks and approaches - 2nd edition

Authors: Bours, D., McGinn, C. & Pringle, P.
Publication date: 2014

The second edition of this report comes at a critical moment. Climate change threatens to reverse progress towards sustainable development and threatens lives and livelihoods around the globe. Climate change adaptation interventions need to be embedded in an analysis of a threat unprecedented in human history, but deliver change at the household level as well.

Contribution to Change: An approach to evaluating the role of intervention in disaster recovery

Authors: Few, R. et alii. (for Oxfam)
Publication date: 2013

The purpose of the Contribution to Change approach is to identify how important and effective interventions have been in promoting people’s recovery. It does so by assessing:

Project/programme monitoring and evaluation (M&E) guide

Author: IFRC
Publication date: 2011

The purpose of this guide is to promote a common understanding and reliable practice of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) for IFRC project/programmes. It is meant to be a desktop reference that supplements the more concise and field-friendly IFRC PMER (planning, monitoring, evaluation and reporting) Pocket Guide. Therefore, this guide is not intended to be read from cover to cover; the reader can refer to specific topics for more detail when needed.

Guide to evaluating rural extension

Authors: Christoplos, I., Sandison, P. & Chipeta, S. (for GFRAS)
Publication date: 2012

The purpose of this guide is to support those involved in extension evaluation to choose how to conduct more comprehensive, rigorous, credible and useful evaluations. The Guide supports readers to understand different types of evaluation, to make decisions on what is most appropriate for their circumstances, and to access further sources of theoretical and practical information.

The World Bank Toolkit: Gender issues in monitoring and evaluation in agriculture

Author: The World Bank
Publication date: 2012

This toolkit has been developed to assist project task teams, borrowers, and partners to recognize and address gender concerns in designing rural development projects and to monitor and evaluate results, outcomes, and impact on achieving overall rural well-being. To further this, the Agriculture Action Plan 2013–2015 aims to include gender-related analysis in 100% of its projects and gender-related actions and M&E in 75% of its projects.