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ILAC Brief 26: Making causal claims

Author: John Mayne
Publication date: 2012

An ongoing challenge in evaluation is the need to make credible causal claims linking observed results to the actions of interventions. This ILAC Brief argues the need for a different perspective on causality, where interventions are seen as contributory causes to certain results.

Making causal claims workshop 2013

Author: Mayne, J.
Publication date: 2013

This powerpoint presentation on causal contribution was part of the Workshop on Impact, Learning and Innovation, held at the Institute of Development Studies, March 2013. The presentation focuses on intervention causality and draws attention to the notion of interventions not being a single but a contributory cause to certain results. Theories of Change are offered as a model to see the intervention as a contributing cause.

Making causal claims workshop 2013

Author: Mayne, J.
Publication date: 2013

This powerpoint presentation on causal contribution was part of the Workshop on Impact, Learning and Innovation, held at the Institute of Development Studies, March 2013. The presentation focuses on intervention causality and draws attention to the notion of interventions not being a single but a contributory cause to certain results. Theories of Change are offered as a model to see the intervention as a contributing cause.

The web of institutionalisation: Assessing Uptake of ToC Thinking in Hivos

This document introduces and elaborates on the notion of the 'web' of institutionalisation by Levy (1996) as part of the internal assessment by Hivos of the institutionalisation of Theory of Change thinking. It zooms in on the core elements, presented by Levy as the citizen's, policy, organizational and delivery sphere and lists guiding questions for each sphere, specifically formulated for Hivos' internal assessment.

Review of the use of ‘Theory of Change’ in international development

Author: Isabel Vogel (for DFID)
Publication Date: 2012 

'Theory of change' is an outcomes-based approach which applies critical thinking to the design, implementation and evaluation of initiatives and programmes intended to support change in their contexts.

UNICEF Impact Evaluation Series: Building Blocks of Impact Evaluation

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Impact evaluation provides information about the impacts produced by an intervention. It can be undertaken of a programme or a policy, or upstream work – such as capacity building, policy advocacy and support for an enabling environment. This goes beyond looking only at goals and objectives to also examine unintended impacts.

This video summarizes the different elements of impact evaluation and options for planning and managing its various stages.

UNICEF Impact Evaluation Series: Data Collection & Analysis

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Impact evaluations need to go beyond assessing the size of the effects (i.e., the average impact) to identify for whom and in what ways a programme or policy has been successful. This video provides an overview of the issues involved in choosing and using data collection and analysis methods for impact evaluations. 

Good Evaluation Questions: A Checklist to Help Focus Your Evaluation

Authors: Wilce, M. & Gill, S. (for CDC)
Publication date: 2014

The Good Evaluation Questions Checklist is a tool to help ensure that the evaluation questions we create will be useful, relevant, and feasible. In keeping with the new accountability standard, it also provides a format for documenting our decisions when selecting evaluation questions.

The State of Measurement Practice in the SGB Sector

Authors: Edens, G. & Lall, S.
Publication date: 2014

This report reviews the current state of measurement in two types of organizations that directly support small and growing businesses (SGBs) – impact investors and capacity development providers. Using a mixed-methods approach, the authors collected data and interviewed over 30 organizations across these two categories, and analyzed key trends in measurement practice.