Strategic planning

Objective tree

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Aim of the tool
It provides a vision of a future, improved situation.

When to use it?
Carried out after doing the problem analysis using the problem tree tool

Scenario Analysis/Planning Tool

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Aim of the tool 
Make participants think about possible futures, as well as stimulate creative and forward thinking.

When to use it?
Situation analysis and planning

Visioning

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Aim of the tool
To have a focused discussion around people’s dreams or shared vision for the future of a project or other activity. It also helps to generate a common goal, to give hope and encouragement and promote creative thinking and passion

When to use it?
When you want to analyse opportunities or define a vision, usually after the situation analysis and before developing your theory of change

Logical Framework Approach

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Aim of the method/approach
To plan and manage development projects

When to use it?
The logical framework or logframe is best used at an early stage of a programme or project for design purposes. It is difficult to use a logframe to review and/or restructure ongoing activities, especially when the programmes or projects were not designed using logframe principles and practices.

Make a visual Theory of Change

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Tool 53

Aim of the tool
Help stakeholders to visualise their Theory of Change.

When to use it?
The commitment stage, when the group needs to come to a common understanding and agreement on which main strategies or pathways of change are needed to arrive at the vision, and where, how and what each actor is expected to contribute.