Please be aware that this page will change in the coming weeks.

In light of the new M4SDI Guide, we are currently working on a new Tools & Methods page.

You can have a sneak peek of the new page here.

 

Tools & Methods

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Problem tree

Aim of the tool
To analyse problems, i.e. identifying the cause of the problems and their effects

When to use it?
Use the tool when designing a project, at the beginning of the planning process, and to identify the core issues and their root problems

Participatory video (PV)

Aim of the tool

  • To document efforts and share experiences.
  • To strengthen civil society: people speaking from the heart, being heard, feeling understood.

When to use it?
During the implementation of a project and/or at the end of it.

Critical incident technique

Aim of the tool
Gathering facts (incidents) from domain experts or less experienced users of the existing system to gain knowledge of how to improve the performance of the individuals involved.

When to use it?
This tool is useful at the beginning or halfway stage of an intervention process, or at the end for evaluation purposes.

How difficult is it to use it?
Easy – moderate – for experienced users/facilitators

Objective tree

Aim of the tool
It provides a vision of a future, improved situation.

When to use it?
Carried out after doing the problem analysis using the problem tree tool

Digital tools for M&E

Aim of the tool 
There are some differences between the various kinds of digital tools out there, but in general, they aim to facilitate collaborative data collection, analysis, visualisation and/or sharing. 

When to use it? 
These tools may be especially useful when project staff and stakeholders are spread across the world. 

Tool for thought or tool for action? 
Tool for thought and for action

Talking stick

Aim of the tool 
To share observations or reflections within a group. A "talking stick" is passed around in a circle, and only the person holding it, is allowed to talk.

When to use it? 
This tool is suitable if you want a group to listen to share and listen to each other without discussion or dialogue. It is a nice, quiet way for everybody to say a few words.

How difficult is it to use it? 
Easy – moderate – for experienced users/facilitators

Qualitative data analysis software packages

Aim of the tool 
Qualitative data analysis software tools are used to make sense of data in a systematic way.

When to use it? 
These tools are useful when your qualitative data have been collected and you want to start with analysing the data.

How difficult is it to use it? 
Easy – moderate  for experienced users/facilitators

Tool for thought or tool for action? 
Tool for thought and for action

Quantitative data analysis software packages & resources

Aim of the tool 
Quantitative data analysis software tools are used to make sense of data in a systematic way.

When to use it? 
These tools are useful when your quantitative data have been collected and you want to start with analysing the data.

How difficult is it to use it? 
Easy – moderate – for experienced users/facilitators

Task analysis checklist

Aim of the tool
To help identify the roles of stakeholders

When to use it?
It is used when you want to explore the different roles stakeholders could play in future interventions

Inferred mapping

Aim of the tool
To help identify stakeholders and help determine their influence and willingness to support the intervention

When to use it?
This tool is useful at the beginning of an intervention but can also be used for an evaluation