Please be aware that this page will change in the coming weeks.

In light of the new M4SDI Guide, we are currently working on a new Tools & Methods page.

You can have a sneak peek of the new page here.


Tools & Methods


Rich Picture

What is a Rich Picture?

A rich picture is a drawing of a situation that illustrates the main elements and relationships that need to be considered in trying to intervene to create some improvement. 

Alignment, influence & interest matrix

The Alignment, Interest and Influence Matrix (AIIM) is a tool that not only helps to identify the main stakeholders, but also suggests a possible course of action towards them. The tool was developed as part of the RAPID outcome mapping approach. This approach helps to develop strategies that involve a number of intervention types. At the core of the approach is the identification of the intervention's audience.  

Actor Analysis Checklist

Aim of the tool: To analyse the different stakeholders who are important to your intervention and to rank them in terms of their influence on the decision-making process and their impact on the project outcome.

When to use it? This stakeholder analysis tool is particularly useful before you start your intervention: when defining the scope of the process/project. You can use the tool during the situation analysis: to mobilise stakeholders and to analyse the stakeholders’ needs and interests, objectives, linkages and interactions, etc.

Needs-Fears Mapping

Aims of the tool: 
• To clarify in a comparable format the various actors’ attributes
• To leave deadlocked positions, and focus on needs and fears, and possible options to deal with these
• To help people understand each other’s perceptions
• To stimulate discussion

When to use it? A Needs-Fears mapping exercise is a powerful tool to use when designing a new organization (or an MSP) and when an organization has to face a radical change.

Actor Matrix

Aim of the tool: Get an overview of all relevant stakeholders and their interests, goals, instruments and problem perspective

When to use it? This tool is useful at the beginning of an intervention but can also be used for evaluation purpose.

Force Field Analysis

Tool 16

Aim of the tool
To assess the strengths of the various factors influencing an intervention, both positively and negatively.

When to use it?
This tool can be used at different stages of an intervention. At the design stage but also at the evaluation.

GAIN's Nutritious Agriculture by Design: A tool for program planning

A field tool that identifies opportunities across the value chain to improve the nutritional benefits of agricultural interventions.

This tool provides a practical way of focusing value chain-based agricultural initiatives to narrow the gap between the goal of raising the income/productivity of producers and/or the people they employ, and the goal of improving nutrition.

Learn more about the tool here


Logframer 1.0 is a free project management application for projects based on the logical framework method. Logframer was designed with NGO projects for development and humanitarian assistance in mind, but can also be used for other kinds of projects in other sectors.

The basic idea behind Logframer is to provide aid actors such as NGOs, non-profit organisations, donor agencies and so on with a simple, versatile and free tool that makes designing projects an easier task (and more fun).

Scenario Analysis

Aim of the toolScenario analysis is meant to help explore into the future on the basis of current trends and developments. The future may unfold in different ways (scenarios) and this analysis is meant to help people be more ready to deal with what the future will bring.
When to use it?Scenario Analysis can be used during various points during an evaluation and under varying conditions

Network Mapping or Netmapping

Aim of the toolAs part of the possible tools for stakeholder analysis, it helps identifying and describing stakeholders with respect to their attributes, interrelationships and interests related to a given initiative or resource.This tool focuses on the relationships between stakeholders and their influence on the issue under study.
When to use it?It can be used both as a research tool and as an instrument for organizational development and strategic network planning.