Please be aware that this page will change in the coming weeks.

In light of the new M4SDI Guide, we are currently working on a new Tools & Methods page.

You can have a sneak peek of the new page here.

 

Tools & Methods

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Supply /value chain analysis / mapping

Aim of the tool
It is to help you identify important actors and factors that influence the supply chain. The tool also helps you to develop a shared understanding of the market structure for small-scale producers and other participants in the market

When to use it?
This tool is useful at the beginning of an intervention process

Force field analysis

Aim of the tool
To assess the strengths of the various factors (both positive and negative) influencing an intervention

When to use it?
This tool can be used at different stages of an intervention: at the design stage and at the evaluation stage.

Drivers and constrainers of change

Aim of the tool
To strategically assess the driving and constraining forces involved in keeping a situation as it is or moving it in a different direction

When to use it?
This tool can be used at different stages of an intervention. For example at the design stage, you can use it to get additional information on the driving and constraining forces that can affect your intervention alongside your stakeholder analysis

Appreciative inquiry

Aim of the tool
To identify the key success factors (including non-quantitative elements) for a given team, institution or intervention and to envision a new capacity for positive and sustainable change.

When to use it?
This tool is useful at the beginning of an intervention but can also be used for evaluation purpose.

Visioning

Aim of the tool
To have a focused discussion around people’s dreams or shared vision for the future of a project or other activity. It also helps to generate a common goal, to give hope and encouragement and promote creative thinking and passion

When to use it?
When you want to analyse opportunities or define a vision, usually after the situation analysis and before developing your theory of change

Logical Framework Approach

Aim of the method/approach
To plan and manage development projects

When to use it?
The logical framework or logframe is best used at an early stage of a programme or project for design purposes. It is difficult to use a logframe to review and/or restructure ongoing activities, especially when the programmes or projects were not designed using logframe principles and practices.

Network mapping/ Net-mapping

Aim of the tool
To identify and describe stakeholders (in terms of their attributes, interrelationships and interests) in relation to an intervention or resource. It highlights the relationships between stakeholders and their influence on the issue being addressed

When to use it?
It can be used as a research tool. It can also be used as a tool for organisational development and strategic network planning

The Alignment, Interest and Influence Matrix

Brief description

The Alignment, Interest and Influence Matrix (AIIM) is a tool that not only helps to identify the main stakeholders, but also suggests a possible course of action towards them. The tool was developed as part of the RAPID outcome mapping approach. This approach helps to develop strategies that involve a number of intervention types. At the core of the approach is the identification of the intervention's audience.

This tool was developed by Enrique Mendizabal. 

Institutional analysis

Aim of the tool
To analyse the institutions that have a bearing on the core issue of your intervention

When to use it?
This tool is particularly useful at the start of the intervention and when the issue of strategies for change is raised

Alignment, influence & interest matrix

The Alignment, Interest and Influence Matrix (AIIM) is a tool that not only helps to identify the main stakeholders, but also suggests a possible course of action towards them. The tool was developed as part of the RAPID outcome mapping approach. This approach helps to develop strategies that involve a number of intervention types. At the core of the approach is the identification of the intervention's audience.