Please be aware that this page will change in the coming weeks.

In light of the new M4SDI Guide, we are currently working on a new Tools & Methods page.

You can have a sneak peek of the new page here.


Tools & Methods


Actor Analysis Checklist

Aim of the tool
To analyse the different stakeholders who are important to your intervention and to rank them in terms of their influence on the decision-making process and their impact on the project outcome.

When to use it?
This stakeholder analysis tool is particularly useful before you start your intervention: when defining the scope of the process/project. You can use the tool during the situation analysis: to mobilise stakeholders and to analyse the stakeholders’ needs and interests, objectives, linkages and interactions, etc.

Needs-Fears Mapping

Aims of the tool

  • To clarify in a comparable format the various actors’ attributes
  • To leave deadlocked positions, and focus on needs and fears, and possible options to deal with these
  • To help people understand each other’s perceptions
  • To stimulate discussion

When to use it?
A Needs-Fears mapping exercise is a powerful tool to use when designing a new organization (or an MSP) and when an organization has to face a radical change.

Actor Matrix

Aim of the tool
Get an overview of all relevant stakeholders and their interests, goals, instruments and problem perspective

When to use it?
This tool is useful at the beginning of an intervention but can also be used for evaluation purpose.

GAIN's Nutritious Agriculture by Design: A tool for program planning

A field tool that identifies opportunities across the value chain to improve the nutritional benefits of agricultural interventions.

This tool provides a practical way of focusing value chain-based agricultural initiatives to narrow the gap between the goal of raising the income/productivity of producers and/or the people they employ, and the goal of improving nutrition.

Learn more about the tool here


Logframer 1.0 is a free project management application for projects based on the logical framework method. Logframer was designed with NGO projects for development and humanitarian assistance in mind, but can also be used for other kinds of projects in other sectors.

The basic idea behind Logframer is to provide aid actors such as NGOs, non-profit organisations, donor agencies and so on with a simple, versatile and free tool that makes designing projects an easier task (and more fun).

Scenario Analysis

Aim of the toolScenario analysis is meant to help explore into the future on the basis of current trends and developments. The future may unfold in different ways (scenarios) and this analysis is meant to help people be more ready to deal with what the future will bring.
When to use it?Scenario Analysis can be used during various points during an evaluation and under varying conditions

Institutional analysis

This tool incorporates a broad perspective on institutions and map the interactions between them.


Aim of the toolTo generate a common goal, hope, encouragement and creative thinking and passion
When to use it?This tool can be best used at the start of the planning phase of an MSP

Rich Picture

Aim of the tool
Rich picture helps you to understand the complexity of the environment in which the development intervention is operating, providing a spatial overview of the situation

When to use it?
You can use this tool to get a quick overview of the situation. It can also be a useful starting point to get the general agreement of your stakeholders on current and future action. So, you can use this tool during the planning process. It is also a good tool to use to find out whether the intervention has had some measure of impact at different stages of the M&E process